Fresh water is Menorca’s biggest problem with regards to sustainability and has been a matter of debate for the last 25 years. The progressive lowering of the piezometric water levels in the 80s along with the increased amounts of pollution due to salt and nitrate infiltrations in the 90s, became indicators that Menorca’s water resources had significant deficiencies. However, to date, none of the debates and studies have resulted in proposed solutions being implemented and therefore the negative impact on our water resources continues to grow.
In addition to this, it is estimated that Menorca’s average consumption per person is above the state average with Menorcans consuming approx. 330 litres a day in comparison to the rest of Spain’s average consumption of 250 litres per day. This is mostly in the urbanisations and touristic areas of the island as in the villages the average consumption is of 200 litres per day. It is thought that the excess consumption in these areas is due to non-endemic gardens and lawns, as well as due to the water evaporation from swimming pools.
Aside from the issue of consumption, Menorca is currently also faced with the problem of the quality of its water. It is estimated that water from 1 in 3 wells on the island exceeds the maximum levels of salinity permitted for human consumption, as well as having excess nitrates.
Fresh water is a huge area for improvement in Menorca and the Menorca Preservation Fund is very keen to support plans to improve this area going forward. The issue of improving both the quantity and quality of fresh water on Menorca is a significant and challenging one, and the Menorca Preservation Fund is committed in its support of future plans and projects that address this important issue.